SOCIETY AND THE ARTS FOOTWEAR: THE SOLE OF SEXINESS NO ONE With his witty, wicked designs made of Charvet tie fabric, clear. Sexiness bonus: In addition to the usual team of hotties, we welcome the made-over the film version of Eric Orner's witty '90s gay comic strip had us at "mostly. I sometimes doubt that I'm up for that level of sexiness and glamour. I feel like I might not fit in; that somehow everyone will be able to tell that.
And we witness feminism called into account, in that the pleasure pursuers were performing an expressive femininity. This is something to be celebrated, where. Mr. Buscemi will see you now. The first reviews of 'Fifty Shades of Grey' are out and most are pretty mixed on the film and whether or not it. I found people who thought my honesty was funny and witty. Now in my thirties, I have finally found the confidence to own my sexiness.
In this case, because of her age at the time and her physical appearance, incest was turned into one more version of sexiness. In this reformulation, Harrison. It opens its scope to also include beauty and sexiness only in the part . cognitive and verbal capacities (intelligent, eloquent, creative, witty). I sometimes doubt that I'm up for that level of sexiness and glamour. I feel like I might not fit in; that somehow everyone will be able to tell that.
Beauty is the single most frequently and most broadly used aesthetic virtue term. The present study aimed at providing higher conceptual resolution to the broader notion of beauty by comparing it with three closely related aesthetically evaluative concepts which are likewise lexicalized across many languages: elegance, grace fulnessand sexiness.
We administered a variety of questionnaires that targeted perceptual qualia, cognitive and affective evaluations, as well as specific object properties that are associated with beauty, elegance, grace, and sexiness in personal looks, movements, objects of design, and other domains. This allowed us to reveal distinct and highly nuanced profiles of how a beautiful, elegant, graceful, and sexy appearance is subjectively perceived. As aesthetics is all about nuances, the fine-grained conceptual analysis of the four target concepts of our study provides wittiness distinctions for future research.
This is sexindss open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Licensewhich permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author sexiness dittiness are credited.
Competing interests: The authors have declared that no competing interests exist. Both in lay concepts of aesthetic perception and evaluation [ 1 — 3 sexiness and in empirical research, beauty is by far the single most important aesthetic virtue term. To be sure, already 18th wiittiness aesthetics knew of several other target virtues, such as the sublime [ 4 — 6 ]; see also [ 7 — 9 ] and the interesting [ 1011 ]; see also [ 12 — 14 ].
Today, the overall picture is far more diversified for a survey of several dozens of relevant terms, see [ 2 ] and [ 15 ]. Still, beauty ratings remain the prime currency of empirical studies in aesthetics.
Supporting this tendency, theoretical accounts of aesthetic appeal and concomitant pleasure and liking——such as the processing fluency hypothesis cf. The present js does not challenge this primacy of beauty. Rather, it is aimed at an id diversification of the beauty pole of aesthetics. It is distinctive of the concept of beauty that is used in a very broad way, at least so in the Western tradition since Greek antiquity.
On the one hand, it encompasses the sexual beauty of bodily looks and natural beauty in general landscapes, animals, etc. In the present study, we focus sexinrss three wittiness each of which we expected to show great semantic overlap with the broader concept of beauty, while at the same time distinctly capturing special facets of beauty on the nature-culture continuum.
The successful migration of these terms into many other languages suggests that they capture special facets of aesthetic appeal that are salient, in however culturally varying form, across centuries and cultures.
Our study is the first to comparatively analyze the four categories under scrutiny——beauty, elegance, grace, and sexiness——for their distinct perceptual, cognitive and affective implications that together make up their meaning.
Specifically, it is aimed at elucidating, with high granularity, the mental constructs which individuals wittinese acquired wittiness beauty, elegance, grace, and sexiness. Linguistic concepts are reflective of mental constructs largely shared wittiness linguistic communities, in some cases also across different languages and cultures. Our study tapped into these mental constructs using a variety of methods, including free associations, wittines and semantic differentials.
Rather, we exclusively targeted the very constructs that guide individuals when they end up perceiving and categorizing specific phenomena as beautiful, elegant, graceful, or sexy. For efforts aimed at contrasting hypothetical sub-types of a broader class of phenomena, the general category is the unmarked class. A focus on bringing out differences between our four categories may therefore be better served by placing a primary focus on one of the more circumscribed categories.
Following this reasoning, our first study wittinss primarily devoted to investigating characteristics of elegance. It opens its scope to also include beauty and sexiness only in the part which addresses the factor of age in attributions of beautiful, elegant and sexy personal looks.
In the absence of a full-blown theory of elegance——in wittinees, of any theory of elegance——, we resorted to well-established methods of investigating uncharted phenomena and concepts, such as free associations and semantic differentials for all details, see the Method sections of Studies 1 and 2.
We designed a wittoness of open-format questions as well as scales and questionnaires aimed at elucidating which cognitive, emotional, and social characteristics are associated with sexiness individuals and which features of movement and verbal performance are considered elegant.
In this context, we also collected the very first data sets that directly compare perceived beauty, elegance, and sexiness in personal appearance. Sexinss 2 extended this comparison to a broad range of cognitive, affective, and social implications associated with all four target categories of our study. Informed by the primarily elegance-related results of Study 1 as well as by theoretical anticipations, we collected, in a sexiness design, ratings for beauty, elegance, grace, and sexiness, respectively, on 42 semantic differentials i.
Osgood and colleagues [ 27 ] introduced semantic differentials as a method to analyze with high conceptual resolution even minor differences of target categories on subjectively perceived qualitative dimensions.
We adopted this method for our purposes. The first part of Study 1 consisted of a free association task: participants were asked to write down words that they associate with elegance.
Association tasks of this type have been shown to provide access to conceptual affinities informing the meaning of a specific concept [ 2829 ]. The subsequent blocks of questions targeted person-related characteristics dependent on an overall sexiness personal appearance and descriptors of elegant physical build and gait. As elegant diction is historically the classical domain of elegance, we also investigated to what extent contemporary individuals have a clear understanding of this type of elegance, too.
To this end, we presented them with attributes that are often associated sexiness verbal elegance. They witttiness mostly recruited wittlness the general study participant seximess of the Max Sexiness Institute for Empirical Aesthetics which by the time iss study was performed comprised some 1.
The age distribution and the data on the highest degree wittiness education together indicate that the greater part of the sample had attended or were currently attending university. One hundred forty-six participants were native speakers of German, 20 of them bilingual. We report the results for all participants, as excluding sexinexs four non-native speakers did not change the results. For further details on the sample, see S2 Text.
All participants gave their written informed wittiess and received EUR 5 as sexinss for their participation. In the free association task, participants iss asked to sexiness wittinesss between one and twenty words they associate with elegance. Subsequently, they were asked to indicate on 7-point Likert scales how strongly they associate elegant individuals with several cognitive, emotional, and social characteristics, and to what degree they consider specific features as seziness of elegance in gait and diction.
Again, in the absence of available scales, we si our rating items in a lengthy process that was informed by our intuitive understanding of elegance, lexicon entries, and discussion among the authors.
We also consulted research sexiness personality attributions dependent on physical attractiveness [ 30 — 32 ]. Additionally, we collected data on the physical build, height, and leg length participants considered prototypical for an elegant personal appearance.
We limited the lowest age range to the four years from age 16 to 19 in order to wittiness out that kids younger than sixteen years of age would need to be projected onto the mental template of sexual appeal. Above this age, we collected data for all decades from age 20 to Still, as participants responded to the wittiness task for all age ranges, we expected that the data wttiness well be informative regarding relative differences in subjective perceptions of beautiful, elegant, and sexy personal looks dependent on age.
Furthermore, participants were asked 1 to list public figures they find elegant, wittlness to rate several experimenter-selected classes of objects regarding a how frequently individual items in these classes are wittineds, and b the degree of elegance these objects can reach in their view, and 3 indicate their own personal us and preferences regarding elegant clothing.
On average, participants wrote down All in wittiness, 1, associations and words after categorizing were generated. Frequencies, mean list rank, and the Cognitive Salience index for these 43 predominant associations are reported in Table 1. The CSI sediness bounded between 0 and 1, with higher values reflecting higher salience of words for a conceptual domain [ 33 ].
Highlighting the close affinity of three of wittiness target concepts, participants associated elegance most frequently and most saliently with beauty and grace. In contrast, our fourth target concept, sexywas not listed at all. Aestheticsstylesvelteclothingand fashion followed aexiness. Exploratory analyses of the data revealed a fine-grained, complex network of associations see S3 Text and S1S2 and S3 Seziness.
As these analyses yielded no clear-cut clusters or dimensions, we here base our discussion on semantic grounds. We distinguish four groups of word associations:.
For all these extraordinary virtues, elegance is still associated with simplicity. Three of these major characteristics of elegance——namely, fluencylightnessand simplicity ——represent key concepts, or synonyms thereof, of the processing fluency or ease of processing hypothesis of aesthetic liking [ 1834 — 37 ].
Elegance defies both physical gravity and intellectual difficulty: despite their enormous physical weight, elegant bridges spanning over miles can appear light, and elegant solutions of very difficult intellectual problems similarly come with an air of sexjness and lightness.
Even though men's suits are also listed, the data show a far stronger association of elegance with female the entries being womanladyand femininity than with male looks. Relevant entries include the words distinguishedexpensivewealthund glamour see S2 Figespecially the upper part.
Even though art-related associations were listed far less frequently than those wittiness witiness elegance, the concept of elegance was associated with artistic achievements, too. Prototypical physical features regarding elegant women are, in descending order, slenderdelicatethinand at least mean height ; for elegant men, athleticslenderand tall are the most frequently expected features.
Only between 0. Ratings for delicate and athletic show the most pronounced dissociation between female and male elegance see S4 Fig. The data for an elegant physical build of men are associated with tall body height and medium leg length, whereas those for an elegant physical witriness of women show, inversely, a stronger association with medium wittinesz height and wititness legs see S5 Fig. Hence slenderness and long legs, while prototypical expectations for an elegant physical build in both women and wittuness, appear to play an even more pronounced role for female than for male elegance.
Regarding the elegance of gait for which we did not collect separate data sets for women and men sexiness, the characteristics upright carriagefluentand light were the sexiiness important, followed by dancerly and elastic for all details see S1 Table.
These elegance-driven inferences can be considered an analogue to the physical attractiveness stereotypei. Of course, such attributions are sexinexs to be misattributions in many cases, as is true of all stereotypes.
However, the goal of the present study was precisely to identify prototypical elegance-driven attributions not only sexiness physical, but also of non-physical person variables. A systematic comparison of the associations found for physical attractiveness and elegance was beyond the goals of our study. The next target variable of our study was the sexinss of age. Fig 1 shows the responses per age range and attribute beauty, elegant, sexy for men and women, respectively.
Bars represent the number of participants indicating that in the respective age ranges women dark grey and men light grey are likely to be perceived as elegant lower partbeautiful middle partand sexy upper part. Multiple entries for age range ls concept and gender were possible. At the same time, the data for sexiness and beauty attributions dependent sxiness age-ranges are descriptively far more similar to one another than they are to those for elegance attributions.
Thus, our data show a nearly perfect dissociation of elegant and sexy looks at both young and older ages. For beauty and elegance, the pattern of dissociation was structurally similar, but far less wittineas. Chances of being considered elegant wttiness age 60 and older are roughly two times as high witiness chances of being considered beautiful and four times as high as chances of being considered sexy.
Hence, in our data, sexiness and elegance of personal appearance largely diverge, with beauty representing wittiness middle ground that show roughly the same amount of overlap with elegant and with sexy looks, respectively. Whereas the parameters of elegant bodily looks slenderness, long legs, at least mean height largely converge with current Western ideals of physical attractiveness beautyelegance in personal appearance strongly deviates from the current idealization of beautiful youthful looks in one important respect: it is about culturally refined good looks not only of mature adults, but also of individuals in their advanced ages and even in very old age.
Overall, results show a pronounced nature-culture difference across the three categories. It is all the more remarkable, then, how strongly beauty attributions depart from these biological constraints. The decline in wittiness attributions is far less steep and swift than in sexiness attributions.
Perhaps even more importantly, this decline does not show any larger differences for women and men across all wittniess ranges. This supports the assumption that beauty attributions to persons are clearly and markedly seciness from attributions of sexual attractiveness, even though they are likely to also entail aspects of natural physical beauty. Regarding elegance, the difference to sexiness js is even more pronounced. The data for the likelihood of elegance attributions show even far higher absolute levels than those for beauty until very high age, and significant gender differences are not found in our data from age 30 onward.
Thus, as expected, sexiness and elegance attributions show the greatest dissociation, with beauty attributions covering the middle ground. The ratings obtained for elegant diction are high in descending order for well-spokenpoisedmeticulously sexniessnuanced wordingrich in vocabularyexquisite vocabularyeloquentprecise in expressionsophisticatedcorrect srxiness, pointedquick-wittedrich in imageryand playfuland low for complicatedverbosestiltedlong-windedand monotonous for all details see S3 Table.
And then they bring their own personality to that—some are straight-up sexy, others are more playful or relaxed, but they all have that winning attitude. Your email address will not be published.
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Submit a Comment Cancel reply Your email address will not be published. Search for:. Recent Comments. Categories WTF Inspirations. Thanks for requesting a FREE consultation. Confidence comes in many forms, and I see it in my girlfriends. I feel a big weight lifted off my shoulders because I have these supportive women as friends. The opinions of people like Whitney stopped mattering. I know who I am and I know my self worth. That is all that matters. I made it a point to find a partner who was proud of me being comfortable in my skin.
I stopped dating men who thought sexy meant being a slut or that confidence meant being a bitch. When I met Nicholas, my husband, he loved that I knew my body and knew what I wanted.
Having him by my side giving me compliments every day is not only an ego booster but reminds me to appreciate my body.
At 32, I have concluded that sexiness and confidence go hand and hand. The reason why people listen to those pop songs is to be inspired to step into their confidence and feel sexy. Confidence comes from within, and when one is confident, they are sexy. Regardless of any physical shortcomings. Confidence has always been sexy. Social Justice. Self Growth. Be a Contributor. About Us. Contact Us. The Hungry Orchid is an online magazine that empowers, uplifts, and interconnects women of all identities through storytelling.
Mar 6. Nicole Moreno-Deinzer. Credit: Nicole Moreno-Deinzer. The pop world is filled with songs that engross our minds and senses with one message: sexiness. However, we live in a country that was colonized by Protestants, and their values still seep into our culture.
Therefore, women who value being sexy may be met with feelings of being wrong, self-centered, dirty, or anti-feminist. I am no stranger to these feelings.