setiaband.info › wiki › List_of_places_in_Essex. Essex is a large county in East Anglia, England. . epitomises this defiance of the classic Essex stereotype, as do many of the smaller towns and villages. Basildon might not be the prettiest town in Essex, but this has helped to keep prices down across the county and considerable development is.
Links to an alphabetical list of Essex towns and villages and their histories. setiaband.info have now transcribed the entire collection of Essex parish registers. Essex is a county in the south-east of England, north-east of London. One of the home counties, it borders Suffolk and Cambridgeshire to the north, Hertfordshire to the west, Kent across the estuary of the River Thames to the south, and London to the south-west. The county town is Chelmsford, the only city in the county. .. and Brentwood to be the 14th- and 19th-richest towns in the. Ever wondered how your hometown got its name? We've done some digging and found out.
Ever wondered how your hometown got its name? We've done some digging and found out. Essex is a large county in East Anglia, England. . epitomises this defiance of the classic Essex stereotype, as do many of the smaller towns and villages. 6 Burnham-on-Crouch.
One of the home countiesit borders Suffolk and Cambridgeshire to the north, Hertfordshire to the west, Kent across the estuary of the River Thames to the south, and London to the south-west.
The county town is Chelmsfordthe only city in the county. For government statistical purposes Essex is placed in the East of England region. There are three definitions of the extent of Essex, the widest being the Ancient Countythe more usual being the smaller Ceremonial County and smallest being the administrative county — the area administered by the County Council and which excludes the two unitary authorities of Thurrock and Southend-on-Sea.
Essex had its roots in the Kingdom of the East Saxonsa polity which is likely to have had its roots in the territory of the Iron Age Trinovantes tribe. Essex corresponds, fairly closely, to the territory of the Trinovantes tribe. Their production of their own coinage marks them out as one of one of the more advanced tribes on the island, this advantage in common with other tribes in the south-east is probably due to the Belgic element within their elite.
The tribe were in extended conflict with their western neighbours, the Catuvellauniand steadily lost ground. By AD 10 they had came under the complete control of the Catuvellauni, who took Colchester as their own capital.
The Roman invasion of AD 43 began with a landings on the south coast, probably the Richborough area of Kent. After some initial successes against the Britons, they paused to await re-inforcements, and the arrival of the Emperor Claudius. The combined army then proceeded to the capital of the Catevellauni-Trinovantes at Colchesterand took essex.
Claudius held a review of essex invasion force on Lexden Heath where the army formally proclaimed him Imperator. The invasion force that assembled before him included four legionsmounted auxiliaries and an elephant corps - a force of around 30, men. It was initially the most important city in Roman Britain and in it they established a temple to the God-Emperor Claudius.
This was the largest building of its kind in Roman Britain. The establishment of the Colonia is thought to have involved extensive appropriation of land from local people, this and other grievances led to the Trinovantes joining their northern neighbours, the Iceni, in the Boudiccan revolt.
A significant Roman force attempting to relieve Colchester was destroyed in pitched battle, known as the Massacre of the Ninth Legion. The rebels then proceeded to sack London and St Albanswith Tacitus estimating thatpeople killed in the destruction of the three cities.
Boudicca was defeated in battle, somewhere in the west midlands, and the Romans are likely to have ravaged the lands essex the rebel tribes,  so Essex will have suffered towns. Despite this, the Trinovantes identity persisted. Roman provinces were divided into civitas for local government purposes — with a civitas for the Trinovantes strongly implied by Ptolemy.
MiddlesexSussex and Wessex during the Heptarchy. Originally recorded in ADEssex occupied territory to the north of the River Thamesincorporating all of what later became Middlesex which probably included Surrey and most of what later became Hertfordshire.
Its territory was later restricted to lands east of the River Lea. After the Norman Conquestcounty rather than shire became the more usual term is England's main sub-divisions, but their boundaries and role remained the same.
The invaders towns a number of castles in the county, to help protect the new elites in a hostile country. Hadleigh Castle was developed much later, in the thirteenth century. After the arrival of the Normansthe Forest of Essex was established, this was a Royal forest which covered the large majority of the county, however it is important to note that at that time, the term  was a legal term, and that at this stage had a weak correlation between woods and commons sometimes known as 'the vert' and the extent of the forest, most of the Forest of Essex was at that time farmland.
Inthe area "north of the Stanestreet" was disafforested. Before the creation of the County Councils, county-level administration was limited in nature, Lord-Lieutenants replaced the Sheriffs from the time of Henry VIII and took a primarily military role, responsible for the militia and the Volunteer Force that replaced it.
Most administration was carried out by Justices towns the Peace JPs appointed by the Lord-Lieutenant of Essex based upon their reputation. The JPs carried out judicial and administrative duties such as maintenance of roads and bridges, supervision of the poor laws, administration of county prisons essex setting the County Rate. Essex County Council was formed in However, County Boroughs of West Ham —Southend-on-Sea —  and East Ham — formed part of the county but were unitary authorities not under county council control.
A few Essex parishes have been transferred to other counties. Beforesmall areas were transferred to Hertfordshire near Bishops Stortford and Sawbridgeworth. At the time of the main changes aroundparts of Helions BumpsteadSturmerKedington and Ballingdon-with-Brundon were transferred to Suffolk ; and Great ChishillLittle Chishill and Heydon were transferred to Cambridgeshire.
Later, part of Hadstockpart of Ashton and part of Chrishall were transferred to Cambridgeshire and part of Great Horkesley went to Suffolk towns and essex other small parcels of land were transferred to all those counties. Essex became part of the East of England Government Office Region in and was statistically counted as part of that region fromhaving previously been part of the South East England region.
Inthe boroughs of Southend-on-Sea and Thurrock were separated from the administrative county of Essex after successful requests to become unitary authorities numbered 13 and 14 on the map to the right. Essex Police covers the administrative county and the two unitary authorities. Beforethe council regularly met in London near Moorgatewhich with significant parts of the county close to that point and the dominance of railway travel had been more convenient than any place in the county.
Beforethe number of councillors reached over The County Hall, made a listed building indates largely from the mids and is decorated with fine artworks of that period, mostly the gift of the family who owned the textile firm Courtaulds. The ceremonial county of Essex is bounded to the south by the River Thames and its estuary a boundary shared with Kent ; to the southwest by Greater London ; to the west by Hertfordshire with the boundary largely defined by the River Lea and the Stort ; to the northwest by Cambridgeshire ; to the north by Suffolka boundary mainly defined by the River Stour ; and to the east by the North Sea.
The deep estuaries on the east coast give Essex, by some measures, the longest coast of any county. These estuaries mean the county's North Sea coast, is characterised by three major peninsulas, each named after the Hundred based on the peninsula:. A consequence of these features is that the broad estuaries defining them have been a factor in preventing any transport infrastructure linking them to neighbouring areas on the other side of the river estuaries, to the north and south.
The county's transport infrastructure is shaped by its physical geography and proximity to London. Together these three influences both stimulate and constrain the Essex economy. A high proportion of the population, especially in the south, work outside the county, commuting to London and elsewhere by rail and by road.
These London based jobs are often well paid and complement the contribution made by the employers based within Essex. Industry is largely limited to the south of the county, with the majority of the land elsewhere being given over to agriculture. Harlow is a centre for electronics, science and pharmaceutical companies.
Chelmsford has been an important location for electronics companies, such as the Marconi Companysince the towns was born; it is also the location for a number of insurance and financial services organisations, and until was the home of the soft drinks producer Britvic. Debdennear Loughtonis home to a production facility for British and foreign essex. Other businesses in the county are dominated by mechanical engineering, including but not limited to townsglassmaking and plastics and the service sector.
Colchester is a garrison town, and the local economy is helped by the Army 's personnel living there. Basildon is the location of State Street Corporation 's United Kingdom HQ International Financial Data Services, and remains heavily dependent on London for employment, due to its proximity and direct transport routes.
Southend-on-Sea is home to the Adventure Island theme park and is one of the few still growing British seaside resortsbenefiting from direct, modern rail links from Fenchurch Street railway station and Liverpool Street station so that housing is in high demand, especially for financial services commuterswhich maintains the town's commercial and general economy. Parts of eastern Essex suffer from high levels of deprivation; one of the most highly deprived wards is in the seaside town of Clacton.
The Brooklands and Grasslands area of Jaywick was found to be the third-most deprived area in England; two areas in Liverpool and Manchester were rated more deprived. In contrast, west and south-west Essex is one of the most affluent parts of eastern England, forming part of the London commuter belt.
There is a large middle class here, and the area is widely known for its private schools. Much of Essex lies within the London commuter beltwith radial transport links to the capital an important part of the areas economy. There are nationally or regionally important ports and airports and these also rely on the Essex infrastructure, causing an additional load on the local road and rail links.
South Essex Rapid Transit is a proposed public transport scheme which would provide a fast, reliable public transport service in and between Thurrock, Basildon and Southend. Essex has six main strategic routes, five of which reflect the powerful influence exerted by London.
The M25 is Londons orbital motorway which redistributes traffic across the London area. The A is a major route heading west from the ports of Harwich and Felixstowe Suffolkand like the A12, the route was towns use during the Roman period and, in part at least, before then.
The Port of Tilbury is one of Britain's three major ports, and has proposed a major extension onto essex site of the former Tilbury power stations. A service to Esbjerg, Denmark ceased in September  and earlier a service to Cuxhaven in Germany was discontinued in December The UK's largest essex terminal London Gateway at Shell Haven in Thurrock partly opened in November essex final completion date is yet to be confirmed.
The ports have branch lines to connect them to the national rail network. These freight movements conflict with the needs of commuter passenger services, limiting their frequency and reliability.
East of the Dartford Road Crossing to DartfordKent, across the Thames Estuarya pedestrian ferry to Gravesend, Kent operates from Tilbury during limited daily hours, and there are pedestrian ferries across some of Essex's rivers and estuaries in spring and summer.
London Southend Airportonce one of Britain's busiest airports, opened a new runway extension, terminal building and railway station in March Southend Airport has scheduled flights to Ireland, the Channel Islands and multiple destinations in Europe.
Essex has several smaller airfields, some of which owe their origins to military bases built during World War I or World War II, giving pleasure flights or flying lessons; these include Clacton AirfieldEarls Colne Airfieldand Stapleford Aerodrome. The pattern of settlement in the county is diverse. The areas closest to London are the most densely settled, though the Metropolitan Green Belt has prevented the further sprawl of London into the county. The Green Belt was initially a narrow band of land but subsequent expansions meant it was able to limit the further expansion of many of towns commuter towns close to the capital.
The Green Belt zone close to London includes many prosperous commuter towns, as well as the new towns of Basildon and Harloworiginally developed to resettle Londoners after the destruction of London housing in the Second World Warsince which they have been significantly developed and expanded.
As it is not far from London with towns economic magnetism, many of Essex's settlements, particularly those near or within short driving distance of railway stations, function as dormitory towns or villages where London workers raise their families. In these areas a high proportion of the population commute to London, and the wages earned in the capital are typically significantly higher than more local jobs.
Many parts of Essex therefore, especially those closest to London, have a major economic dependence on London and the transport links that take people to work there.
Part of the southeast of the county, already containing the major population centres of BasildonSouthend and Thurrockis within the Thames Gateway and designated for further development. Parts of the southwest of the county, such as Buckhurst Hill and Chigwellare contiguous with Greater London neighbourhoods and therefore form part of the Greater London Urban Area.
A small part of the southwest of the county Sewardstone is the only settlement outside Greater London to be covered by a postcode district of the London post town E4. With the exception of major towns such as ColchesterChelmsford and Southend-on-Seathe county is rural, with many small towns, villages and hamlets largely built in the traditional materials of timber and brick, with clay tile or thatched roofs.
The Liberal Democrats until had a sizeable following in Essex, gaining Colchester in the general election. But in the general electionUKIP's vote share plummeted by This resulted in Labour regaining second place in Essex, increasing their vote share across the county and cutting some Conservative majorities in areas which had been unaffected by the general electionnamely Rochford and Southend East and Southend West. In contrast, Thurrock is the most marginal seat.
Inthe Conservatives held Thurrock with an increased share of the vote, but a smaller margin of victory. In the EU referendumEssex voted overwhelmingly to leave the EUwith all 14 District Council areas voting to leave, the smallest margin being in Uttlesford.
This is the county council that governs the non-metropolitan county of Essex in England. It has 75 councillors, elected from 70 divisions, some of which elect more than one member, and is currently controlled by the Conservative Party.
The village itself is built around the main high street with the centre having been designated as a conservation area by the district council.
This quintessential villages has two local watering holes. There is also one primary school, St Nicholas Church of England recommended by Ofsted for its strong links to the community.
Located on the Essex coast at the mouth of the River Blackwater is the village of Tollesbury, which for centuries has been known for its exportation of oysters and has survived ever since on this trade. It has lots of historic features which make it a wonderful little village to explore. The centre of the village or 'The Square' as it's known is lined with beautiful cottages many of which are made from locally manufactured bricks.
There is also Woodrolfe Creek where you'll find a public salt water lido, the Woodup Pool, which is the ideal spot to cool off on a hot summer day. For those who want to check out the local, The King's Head is a traditional village pub with home cooked food, weekly quiz nights and excellent beer. Another lovely evening on the wall Tollesbury sunset seawall country.
Built around the year-old Hedingham Castle, Castle Hedingham is a village still strongly connected to its historical roots and has a vibrant and active community. With three excellent pubs, The Wheatsheaf, The Bell and the Rising Sun there is no shortage of places to choose from if you're looking for a pint. It has many timber-framed medieval buildings that give a unique old world charm to the village. Known for being a hub for antiques and collectibles, the village of Battlesbridge in Rettendon has a very vintage feel with classic car and motorbike shows held annually.
It has very close ties with the River Crouch and for centuries was a popular base for river industry; even today this connection can still be seen in its surroundings. It's home to a couple of excellent local pubs with great character and even better beer. The Barge Inn and The Hawk Inn are both traditional country pubs with simple rustic charm serving homely comfort food you'll love. Sunset over Battlesbridge. Arguably one of the county's prettiest towns, the striking combination of historical architecture and rural countryside makes Thaxted a real joy to explore.
The brightly coloured houses with their timber frames and thatched roofs are incredibly pleasing to the eye and with the beautiful church and windmill dominating the skyline it truly is a sight to behold. Newspaper archives are now a very important source of information for researching your family tree.
Try our example search to help you discover if your ancestors are in the British Newspaper Archive. Ebay is a good source of old images of Essex towns and villages.
If you're looking for pictures to add to your family tree album, then try one of the auctions, or there are several 'Buy It Now' shops offering postcards which have been touched up and improved - so if you're unsure about bidding, try these.
Search Essex parish registers on Ancestry. If you are wanting advice then the best place to ask is on the area's specific email lists. All the information that we have is in the web pages, so please do not ask us to supply something that is not there. We are not able to offer a research service. Leave this field blank.