In Saudi Arabia, sodomy is punishable by death. Though that penalty is seldom applied, just this February a man in the Mecca region was. Brunei is introducing new laws that make sex between men an offence punishable by stoning to death. It joins Iran, Saudi Arabia, Yemen. On Friday, a ghastly execution took place in the Saudi Arabian capital of Riyadh, of charges, including murder, abduction and homosexual intercourse. showcases the excessive cruelty of capital punishment in Saudi Arabia and also.
Some Islamic countries mete out the death penalty for crimes other than homosexuality. In April, Saudi Arabia, for example, executed 37 men. On Friday, a ghastly execution took place in the Saudi Arabian capital of Riyadh, of charges, including murder, abduction and homosexual intercourse. showcases the excessive cruelty of capital punishment in Saudi Arabia and also. In Saudi Arabia, sodomy is punishable by death. Though that penalty is seldom applied, just this February a man in the Mecca region was.
Brunei has sparked global criticism for saying it will implement Sharia law this week, allowing homosexuality to be punishable by stoning to. Homosexual practices are illegal in all of the Peninsula countries. Under Sharia (Islamic) law, homosexuality incurs the death penalty in some countries, though. Brunei is introducing new laws that make sex between men an offence punishable by stoning to death. It joins Iran, Saudi Arabia, Yemen.
Saudi Arabia operates an uncodified criminal code based on Sharia law. Under this framework, sex outside marriage is illegal. As same-sex marriage is not permitted, same-sex intimacy is criminalised.
The punishment varies depending on the circumstances: married saudi and interfaith sex saudi punished with the death penalty, while non-married men are punished with flogging. Sharia law principles saudi the criminal saudi in Saudi Arabia also impose strict dress codes that impact on the punishment expression of transgender people.
The report also included contradictory views on whether the death penalty is actively applied for individuals found guilty of same-sex sexual relations. The report arabia a homosexuality of individual instances of prosecution. A large number of arrests have been reported for recent years. Few individual statements could readily be found from Saudi Arabian Public officials.
Two gay Saudi journalists fled to Australia and sought asylum after they were reportedly outed by Saudi state security, homosexuality retaliation for contact with foreign media. In March, two transgender Pakistanis, year-old Amna year-old Meeno, were tortured to death by police after a raid whereby 35 transgender people were arrested.
A report punishment Defend Democracy highlights the homosexuality of punishment attitudes currently disseminated to students in Saudi textbooks. During its third UPR cycle, there were no recommendations homosexuality as regards the decriminalisation of homosexuality. The objection was based on the fact that the resolution arabia a report by the Special Rapporteur on torture which included 65 references to sexual orientation, which Saudi Arabia claimed was being used to punishment issues beyond the eradication of torture.
During its second UPR cycle, there were no homosexuality made concerning the decriminalisation of homosexuality. New report from the Human Dignity Trust offers the first ever global in-depth analysis of how laws against homosexuality specifically impact arabia and bisexual women. Country profile of the United Arab Emirates. Sign up punishment our newsletter for updates on key legal challenges to for laws around the world, news on the reform of discriminatory laws in the Commonwealth, comment from our Director on landmark judgments saudi employment opportunities at the Trust.
Sharia Law Saudi Arabia operates saudi uncodified criminal code based on Sharia law. Persecution and Discrimination Two for Saudi journalists fled to Australia and sought asylum after they were reportedly outed by Saudi state security, in retaliation for for with foreign media.
Legislative News During its third UPR cycle, arabia were no homosexuality made as regards the decriminalisation of homosexuality. New global report on the criminalisation of trans and gender diverse people. Keep in Touch Sign up to our newsletter for updates on key legal challenges to anti-LGBT laws around for world, news on arabia reform of discriminatory laws homosexuality the Commonwealth, comment for our Director on landmark judgments and employment opportunities at arabia Trust.
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Much subsequent written law has focused on business and foreign relations. Reformers have often called for codified laws to be instituted, and there appears to be a trend in the country to codify, publish and even translate some Saudi criminal and civil laws.
Liwat sodomy is to be. Sodomy is proven either by the perpetrator confessing four times or by the testimony of four trustworthy Muslim men, who were eyewitnesses to the act. If there are fewer than four witnesses, or if one is not upstanding, then they are all to be chastised with 80 lashes for slander. In the s, Saudi King Khaled issued numerous royal decrees designed to secure support among religious fundamentalists in the aftermath of an uprising of religious extremists in , known as the Grand Mosque seizure.
In addition to law enforcement, a second royal decree formally established the Committee for the Promotion of Virtue and the Prevention of Vice CPVPV and gave this committee the power to arrest and detain people who violate the traditional teaches of Islam, including acts of homosexuality and cross-dressing.
Combating homosexuality remains one of the major goals of the CPVPV, along with its campaign against the consumption of alcohol and the practice of magic. In September , it was announced that all Gulf Cooperative Countries had agreed to discuss a proposal to establish some form of, yet unknown, testing in order to ban gay foreigners from entering any of the countries.
In the Saudi government reported that it had sentenced nine Saudi men to extensive prison terms with lashing for engaging in cross-dressing and homosexual relations. In , the Saudi government established formal criminal procedure rules, although many courts have been slow to adopt the rules.
In , Saudi teacher and playwright Muhammad Al-Suhaimi was charged with promoting homosexuality and after a trial was sentenced to prison. In , he was given a pardon and allowed to resume teaching. In May , the government arrested 92 men for homosexuality, who were given sentences ranging from fines to prison sentences of several months and lashings. Likewise, on 7 November Riyadh police raided what the Saudi press called a "beauty contest for gay men" at al-Qatif.
What became of the five men arrested for organizing the event is not known. Persons caught living in the kingdom illegally are often accused of other crimes, involving illegal drugs, pornography, prostitution and homosexuality. Several such police crackdowns were reported in — International protests from human rights organizations prompted some Saudi officials within the Saudi Arabian embassy in Washington D. According to the prosecutor, the Prince sexually and physically abused his servant as well as paid other men for sexual services.
In March, he was allowed to return to Saudi Arabia to serve the remainder of his term in a Saudi prison. According to the agreement between the U. In — the Saudi newspaper Okaz announced that the government had arrested over people for the crime of homosexuality over a one-year period. According to the official report, the men were caught cross-dressing, wearing ladies makeup and trying to pick up other men.
During this government crackdown on homosexuality, the CPVPV was permitted to make certain high-profile arrests. In , a year-old Saudi man was sentenced to five years in prison, lashes of the whip, and a SR50, fine after appearing in an amateur gay video online allegedly taken inside a Jeddah prison.
According to an unnamed government source, "The District Court sentenced the accused in a homosexuality case that was referred to it by the CPVPV the Hai'a in Jeddah before he was tried for impersonating a security man and behaving shamefully and with conduct violating the Islamic teachings.
He was referred to the Bureau for Investigation and Prosecution, which referred him to the District Court. Even government officials are not immune from criminal sanctions. A gay Saudi diplomat named Ali Ahmad Asseri applied for asylum in the United States after the Saudi government discovered his sexuality.
Recent reports of people being executed for homosexuality often add other charges to the offense, typically theft, rape or murder. For example, a gay Yemeni was executed for homosexuality and murder in In , a year-old Saudi Arabian man was sentenced to three years detention and lashes after a Medina court found him guilty of "promoting the vice and practice of homosexuality", after he was caught using Twitter to arrange dates with other men.
In , Saudi Arabia had a mass execution of 37 men who were generally accused of espionage or terrorism for Iran. Five of these men were additionally accused of having had sex with each other. On 13 October , Saudi authorities arrested a year-old national, Suhail al-Jameel, for posting a picture in of him wearing short shorts at the beach. He is a gay social media personality in Saudi Arabia, who openly documented his sexuality on Snapchat and Twitter. Al-Jameel wrote on Snapchat that he was arrested on the charges of sharing nudity online.
Soon after fans started using freesuhail hashtag on Twitter. In November , two gay journalists from Saudi Arabia fled their home country, after interrogations and facing threats of being publicly outed.
However, the pair was detained in Australia on November 15, while they attempted to seek asylum. The men alleged of being intimidated by guards, threatened with violence by other detainees and witnessing excessive use of drugs among them in the Australian detention centre.
This country does not recognise same-sex marriage , domestic partnerships , or civil unions. The Saudi government views cross-dressing and being transgender as being prohibited under Islamic jurisprudence , and is therefore illegal. The Saudi government does not permit sex change operations to take place in the kingdom, and it does not allow people to obtain new legal documents to have their gender changed on their documents.
Much like with homosexuality, family members may feel obligated to kill a transgender sibling or relative in order to "save face" or restore the family's honor and esteem within the community.
In two transgender Pakistanis were allegedly "packed in sacks, thrashed with sticks and tortured to death" by Saudi police. People with a transsexual or transgender identity card are not allowed to make the pilgrimage to Mecca. The criminal penalties against homosexuality and cross-dressing are regularly and strictly enforced against Saudi citizens as well as expatriates working in the kingdom. Saudi Arabia has no laws against discrimination on the basis of sexual orientation or gender identity.
Harassment or violence against LGBT people is not addressed in any bias motivated or hate crime law. The required exit and entry visa paperwork does not ask people about their sexual orientation, as it does their nationality , sex , religion and marital status.
The public comment, intended as an insult, was highly controversial and generated quite a bit of coverage in the Saudi press, including the refusal of Hussein Abdul Ghani to shake hands with Mirel Radoi after a later game.
Public education in Saudi Arabia is required to teach basic Islamic values based on interpretation of the Quran, which includes strong condemnation of homosexuality.
In addition, Islam condemns cross-dressing. The Ministry Of Education approved textbooks that reflect the county's Islamic view against homosexual acts by stating that "[h]omosexuality is one of the most disgusting sins and greatest crimes", and that the proper punishment for the intentional act of homosexual intercourse in public is the capital punishment. In , the Saudi government asked the CPVPV to assist in the expulsion of students who were judged, by their mannerisms and taste in fashion, to be gay or lesbian.
Private schools exist in Saudi Arabia, mainly to serve the needs of expatriates with children, and they are generally allowed more discretion in setting up their own school curriculum and policies.
Unless a majority of the expatriate families are Muslim, the private school is likely to only teach the basic beliefs of Islam, through lessons about the culture, language and history of Saudi Arabia. Textbook content or policies regarding homosexuality or cross-dressing tends to be influenced by the prevailing attitudes of the expatriates and their country of origin. The Saudi government censors the media with fines, imprisonment and, for foreigners, deportation for any person possessing, importing, distributing or producing media without governmental approval.
Media content, including advertising, cannot be seen as insulting the royal family or conflicting with Islamic teachings and values.
Radio and TV programs are similarly banned from expressing support for LGBT rights, but homosexuality and cross-dressing can be discussed as long as the negative attitudes and biases are reinforced. A call-in TV show may feature a discussion about the immorality or "illness" of homosexuality, or, as in the case of Mirel Radoi , coverage may focus on a celebrity, in this case a Romanian-born football player, implying, as a false insult, that another football player was gay.
The government does allow public movie theaters to exist, since , but the films are censored as are the DVDs purchased in many retail stores. LGBT themes are generally one of the themes that is edited out of the movie.
Customs agents keep a list of films or TV shows that are not allowed to be brought into the kingdom. Article 6 prohibits creating, distributing or accessing online content or webpages that the government deems to be pornographic or in violation of religious values or public morals or is a threat to public health, safety or order. The Saudi government has frequently blocked Internet users in the kingdom from accessing web pages or other online content that express support for LGBT rights.
In , a twenty-seven-year-old Saudi man was charged with homosexuality and impersonating a police officer when he posted a comical video of himself online, where he discusses popular culture, shows off his chest hair and flirts with the camera man.
Clubs, charities and political associations require permission from the government to exist, which will not be given to any organization that supports LGBT rights or even seeks to act as a social club for the LGBT community. By law, all Saudi citizens who are infected with HIV or AIDS are entitled to free medical care, protection of their privacy and employment opportunities. The government has produced educational material on how the disease is spread and since the s Abdullah al-Hokail, a Saudi doctor who specializes in the pandemic, has been allowed to air public service announcements on television about the disease and how it is spread.
While the government has designated several hospitals to treat those people infected with AIDS or HIV, other hospitals often refuse to care for such people or fail to treat them in a compassionate and humane manner. It started to recognize World AIDS Day , and the Arabic and English daily newspapers were permitted to run articles and opinions that expressed the need for more education about the disease and more compassion for those people infected.
Latest Issue. Past Issues. Yasser, a year-old artist, was taking me on an impromptu tour of his hometown of Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, on a sweltering September afternoon.
But Yasser wears a silver necklace, a silver bracelet, and a sparkly red stud in his left ear, and his hair is shaggy. Yasser is homosexual, or so we would describe him in the West, and the barbershop we visited caters to gay men.
Business is brisk. Leaving the barbershop, we drove onto Tahlia Street, a broad avenue framed by palm trees, then went past a succession of sleek malls and slowed in front of a glass-and-steel shopping center. Yasser turned onto a side street, then braked suddenly. Yasser looked behind him to see if he could reverse the car, but had no choice except to proceed. To his relief, the cops nodded us through. As he resumed his narration, I recalled something he had told me earlier. The kingdom is dominated by mosques and malls, which the mutawwa'in patrol in leather sandals and shortened versions of the thawb , the traditional ankle-length white robe that many Saudis wear.
Some mutawwa' in even bear marks of their devotion on their faces; they bow to God so adamantly that pressing their foreheads against the ground leaves a visible dent. The mutawwa'in prod shoppers to say their devotions when the shops close for prayer, several times daily. If they catch a boy and a girl on a date, they might haul the couple to the police station. They make sure that single men steer clear of the malls, which are family-only zones for the most part, unless they are with a female relative.
Though the power of the mutawwa'in has been curtailed recently, their presence still inspires fear. In Saudi Arabia, sodomy is punishable by death. Though that penalty is seldom applied, just this February a man in the Mecca region was executed for having sex with a boy, among other crimes. For this reason, the names of most people in this story have been changed. This legal and public condemnation notwithstanding, the kingdom leaves considerable space for homosexual behavior.
As long as gays and lesbians maintain a public front of obeisance to Wahhabist norms, they are left to do what they want in private. Vibrant communities of men who enjoy sex with other men can be found in cosmopolitan cities like Jeddah and Riyadh. This is surprising enough. This attitude gives Saudi men who engage in homosexual behavior a degree of freedom. But as a more Westernized notion of gayness—a notion that stresses orientation over acts—takes hold in the country, will this delicate balance survive?
When Yasser hit puberty, he grew attracted to his male cousins. Like many gay and lesbian teenagers everywhere, he felt isolated. This society thrives just below the surface. But they exert little control over what goes on inside. A few years ago, a Jeddah- based newspaper ran a story on lesbianism in high schools, reporting that girls were having sex in the bathrooms.
This analogy came up again and again during my conversations. Gay courting in the kingdom is often overt—in fact, the preferred mode is cruising. Many gay expatriates say they feel more at home in the kingdom than in their native lands. He hit Talal and grounded him for two months, letting him out of the house only after he swore he was no longer attracted to men. Eager to escape the weight of their expectations, he took a job in Riyadh.
Take care. Marcos, a year-old from the Philippines, was arrested in for attending a party featuring a drag show. He spent nine months in prison, where he got lashes, before being deported.
Still, he opted to return; he loves his work in fashion, which pays decently, and the social opportunities are an added bonus. On this occasion, I was accompanied by Misfir, 34, who was showing me how to navigate Paltalk , a Web site similar to the one where he met his boyfriend three and a half years ago.
Within minutes, I had more admirers than I could handle. He went on to write that he kept his sexual preference a secret from just about everyone, including his wife of five years. I told him I was a journalist, and we chatted for a bit. I asked him if we could meet. He was hesitant, but he seemed curious to find out whether I was for real. We arranged to get together that evening at the Starbucks on Tahlia Street.
I waited for him in the family section, which opens out onto the mall and is surrounded by a screen of plants. A mall guard patrolled just outside. At first, Anajedtop avoided my eyes, directing his comments to my male interpreter.
He abandoned this weak cover story as our conversation progressed. He claimed to prefer women, though he admitted that few women frequent the Gulf Arab Love chat room. A gay is against the norm. Anybody can be a top, but only a gay can be a bottom. The call to prayer sounded over a loudspeaker, and his leg began shaking more insistently; he put a hand on his knee in a futile attempt to still it.
The guard hovered. In the Middle East, however, homosexual behavior remained just that—an act, not an orientation. That is not to say that Middle Eastern men who had sex with other men were freely tolerated. But they were not automatically labeled deviant. The taxonomy revolved around the roles of top and bottom, with little stigma attaching to the top. A bottom was not locked into his inferior status, however; he could, and was expected to, leave the role behind as he grew older.
However much this may seem like sophistry, it is in keeping with a long-standing Muslim tradition of accommodating homosexual impulses, if not homosexual identity. In 19th-century Iran, a young beardless adolescent was considered an object of beauty—desired by men—who would grow naturally into an older bearded man who desired youthful males. Abubaker Bagader, a human-rights activist based in Jeddah, explained that homosexuality can be viewed as a phase. Yasmin, the student who told me about the lesbian enclave at her college, said that her year-old brother, along with many boys his age, has been targeted by his male elders as a sexual object.
If a smooth-faced boy walks by, they all stop and make approving comments. Yet a paradox exists at the heart of Saudi conceptions of gay sex and sexual identity: Despite their seemingly flexible view of sexuality, most of the Saudis I interviewed, including those men who identify themselves as gay, consider sodomy a grave sin. During Ramadan, my Jeddah tour guide, Yasser, abstains from sex.
His sense of propriety is widely shared: Few gay parties occur in the country during the holy month. If you practice something forbidden and keep it quiet, God might forgive you. What he found surprised him. On the other hand, to have illegal sex between a man and a woman, there are very clear rules and sub-rules.
Indeed, the Koran does not contain rules about homosexuality, says Everett K. Rowson, a professor at New York University who is working on a book about homosexuality in medieval Islamic society.
The story of Lot is rendered in the Koran much as it is in the Old Testament. The men refuse to heed him and are punished by a shower of brimstone.
Zina is explicitly condemned:.